SA视讯> 社区> 出国考试> 国际趣闻> 日本刚刚进口了5种致命病毒,包括埃博拉(...

SA视讯   A massive influx of international tourists will arrive in Japan next July for the Tokyo Olympics. Most will be unaware another foreign visitor was specifically imported in preparation for their arrival: Ebola.


  Strains of the infectious virus along with four other dangerous pathogens were brought into the country last month by the Japanese government, so that scientists can study them and research possible countermeasures in the event of an outbreak sparked by the Tokyo 2020 tourist influx.

SA视讯   上个月日本政府将这种传染性病毒以及其他四种危险的病原体带到了日本,以便于科学家研究它们,并探讨因2020年游客涌入东京而引发疫情时可以采取的应对措施。

SA视讯   In addition to Ebola, the Japanese health ministry's National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID) has imported the pathogens responsible for four other kinds of viral haemorrhagic fever, including Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, South American haemorrhagic fever, Marburg disease, and Lassa fever.

SA视讯   除了埃博拉病毒,日本卫生部国家传染病研究所还引入了导致其他四种病毒性出血热的病原体,包括克里米亚-刚果出血热、南美出血热、马尔堡病和拉沙热。

  All of these are highly dangerous viral agents that have not been introduced into Japan before, and represent the first time that pathogens belonging to the most dangerous class of biological agent (biosafety level 4) have been admitted into NIID facilities.

SA视讯   所有这些都是以前从未被引入日本的高危病毒制剂,这是最危险的生物制剂(生物安全等级4)病原体首次被允许引入日本国家传染病研究所。

SA视讯   For the researchers who will study the viruses, it's an unprecedented chance to investigate pathogens that are necessarily very difficult to come by, and to demonstrate the capabilities of Japanese scientists.


SA视讯   "This is a landmark time, a landmark event" NIID departmental director Masayuki Saijo told Nature.

SA视讯   “这是一个具有里程碑意义的时刻,也是一个划时代的事件,”日本国家传染病研究所部门主任Masayuki Saijo告诉《自然》杂志。

  The pathogens were transported to an NIID facility in the district of Musashimurayama on the western side of Tokyo, but local views on the new arrivals are understandably mixed.

SA视讯   这些病原体被送往东京西部武藏村山地区的国家传染病研究所,而当地人对这些新来者的看法不一也是可以理解的。

  In July, when the virus importation became official, Japanese health minister Takumi Nemoto announced he had the approval of local Musashimurayama authorities.

SA视讯   当病毒于七月被正式引入日本时,日本卫生部长Takumi Nemoto宣布,他已经获得了当地武藏村山当局的批准。

  "We have come to a good level of understanding on the matter," Nemoto said. "It is a major stride toward protection."

SA视讯   Nemoto表示:“我们很理解这个问题,但这是迈向保护的一大步。”

SA视讯   But while Musashimurayama's mayor, Masaru Fujino, may have approved the NIID's new viral research program, not all residents are happy about having Ebola on their doorstep, fearing a potential outbreak if containment protocols somehow fail.

SA视讯   虽然武藏村山市市长Masaru Fujino可能已经批准了国家传染病研究所的新病毒研究项目,但并不是所有的居民都乐于见到家门口就有埃博拉病毒,他们担心如果控制措施由于未知的原因而失效,可能会爆发疫情。

  "It is nonsense for the government to tell us to accept the plan because of the Olympics," a residents' representative explained to The Asahi Shimbun last November while the plan was still under discussion.

SA视讯   去年11月一位居民代表向《朝日新闻》解释道:“政府说因为奥运会而让我们接受这项计划简直荒谬”,然而这个计划却仍在讨论之中。

SA视讯   "We are worried and cannot accept it."