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SA视讯> 社区> 出国考试> 国际趣闻> 北京市卫健委:全市无新增鼠疫病例(双语)

  据央视新闻报道,近日,网传在北京宣武医院和北京儿童医院发现鼠疫疑似病例。记者从北京卫健委得到最新消息,近期有两名来自内蒙古鄂尔多斯市的就诊患者,专家结合患者流行病学史、临床表现、病原检查,患者不符合鼠疫诊断标准,排除鼠疫,解除隔离观察。

  截至目前,北京市无新增鼠疫病例,未接到密切接触者出现发热等相关异常情况的报告。

  另外,此前来自内蒙古锡林郭勒盟的两名鼠疫确诊患者,一名病情稳定,另一名经专家会诊,病情仍然危重,略有好转,正在进行对症治疗。

  鼠疫患者一名病情危重,一名病情稳定

  据新华社报道,记者14日从北京市卫生健康委员会了解到,12日,北京市确诊两例由内蒙古输入的鼠疫患者后,北京市立即启动突发公共卫生应急机制,对两名确诊患者进行妥善救治。目前一名患者病情稳定,另一名患者病情危重,目前未进一步恶化。

  Two pneumonic plague patients have been under proper treatment in Beijing, local health authorities said Thursday.

  One patient is in stable condition, and the other is critically ill but without further deterioration, according to the Beijing Municipal Health Commission.

  pneumonic /njuːˈmɒnɪk/ :肺的

SA视讯   plague /pleɪɡ/ :鼠疫

SA视讯   pneumonic plague:肺鼠疫

SA视讯   The two infected people came from XilinGol League, the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, and arrived in a hospital in Beijing this week to seek treatment. They were confirmed by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention on Tuesday to have contracted with pneumonic plague.

  北京市卫生健康委有关负责人介绍,为进一步做好疫情防控工作,相关部门已采取了病例隔离治疗、隔离区管理和终末消毒、密切接触者追踪、隔离医学观察和预防性服药、健康宣教等工作。

  两名患者由内蒙古当地救护车转至北京市朝阳区医疗机构治疗,有关密切接触人员,均已按照国家相关规定,进行隔离医学观察。截至目前,未接到密切接触者出现发热等相关异常情况的报告。

  The two were sent by an Inner Mongolia local ambulance to a medical institution of Beijing's Chaoyang District for medical treatment, said an official with the commission.

  So far, people with close contact with the patients have been quarantined for medical observation in accordance with relevant provisions of the state, and none have reported fever or other abnormal symptoms.

  据内蒙古自治区卫健委官网11月14日消息,当地已派出专家赴锡林郭勒盟和苏尼特左旗开展病例溯源,排查密切接触者。

SA视讯   据介绍,我国的法定传染病分为甲、乙、丙三类,甲类传染病(Grade 1 infectious disease )包括鼠疫(plague)和霍乱(cholera /ˈkɒlərə/)。

  Plague is a Grade 1 infectious disease in China, which means it is under the strictest management. The only other infectious disease that falls into the category is cholera.

  按照《中华人民共和国传染病防治法》要求,对甲类传染病的病人、病原携带者进行隔离治疗,对其密切接触者进行医学隔离观察,根据传染病疫情控制需要,可采取进一步防控措施。对鼠疫患者的密切接触者需进行9天的医学隔离观察。

  鼠疫科普

  ▌鼠疫的基本特点

  鼠疫是一种古老的传染病,由鼠疫耶尔森氏菌引起。鼠疫潜伏期(incubation period)一般为1至6天,个别病例可达8至9天。

  感染鼠疫菌以后,临床可表现为腺鼠疫、肺鼠疫及败血型鼠疫等类型。

  ►腺鼠疫(bubonic plague)最为常见,通常表现为发热和局部淋巴结肿大,治愈率高。

  ►肺鼠疫(pneumonic plague)常表现为高热、咳嗽、胸闷、呼吸困难、咳血,由于起病急,病情进展快,如得不到及时治疗,病死率高。

SA视讯   The fatality rate of pneumonic plague, a serious form of plague, is almost 100 percent if not treated in a timely manner.

  fatality rate:病死率;致死率

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